How to Make Water & Fire Resistant Fabrics?
Today we will discuss the making of water-resistant or waterproof fabrics along with fire-resistant fabrics. Waterproof fabric is simply that fabric that repels water from its surface. Even the cloth gets old, the particular fabric does not let the water through its surface. Even air. That is the quality of the waterproof fabric.
When you experience if the air is able to pass through the fabric surface but the water is still repelling, it means the specific fabric is water resistant and if the cloth gets old; the ability to resist water becomes weak and needs to be treated or maintained in order to perform best on regular terms.
Now, we need to know what fire resistant and fire retardant fabrics are. The fire resistant fabrics are simply those fabrics that are naturally resistant to fire to certain extents. And if we treat a fire resistant fabric with several required chemicals the fabric eventually becomes fire retardant.
Both the types have their own importance and specialties but here we should know one sleek fact about water resistant/proof and fire resistant and fire retardant fabrics. If we treat water resistant fabrics with chemicals the fabric becomes waterproof; and if we provide a chemical treatment to fire resistant fabrics the fabric does not convert into a fireproof fabric. It just becomes fire retardant to resist fire on stronger grounds.
In this article, we will discuss the procedure of water resistant and fire resistant fabrics. How they are made up and especially how we can make cloth water resistant and fire resistant on an individual level. First, we will go through the process of water-resistant fabric.
How to Make Water Resistant/Proof Fabric
There are many ways to make a water-resistant or waterproof fabric. Here we will discuss the most common method along with several tools.
Water Off Procedure – The Wax On
Top notch companies use this method to create a waterproof water-resistant fabric. You can build one yourself by following some easy steps. It is a low-cost way to produce a waterproof fabric with wax. As wax has the ability to repel water on permanent grounds and also provides a mind soothing smell, the method is the most viable one, for the purpose.
Following is the equipment to use:
- 1 Large Saucepan
- 1 Metal Bowl
- 4 oz. Paraffin Wax
- 4 oz. Beeswax Pellets
- Stirring Spoon
- Clothes Dryer
- 1 Inch Disposable Paintbrush
- Heat Gun or Hair Dryer
- Pillowcase (Optional)
- Freezer (Optional)
Phase No. 1
Melt the waxes in a double boiler. Make sure the saucepan is all filled up with water. Boil the water and bring it over on a stovetop, now place a metal bowl on the top of the pan. The metal bowl’s bottom should not touch the water while fitting it inside the pan. The wax will melt and eventually be collected in the bowl above through the heat generated. All this will be done by the space present between the bowl and the pan.
Phase No. 2
Take four ounces of beeswax pellets in a metal bowl. Arrange a four-ounce bar of paraffin wax and cut them into small pieces and then stir them up until the pellets and the paraffin wax are melted. Once they liquefy, throw the desired fabric to convert into a waterproof material over the stirred liquid material created.
Phase No. 3
After this, mix all the material and then apply the molten wax over the fabric in thick layers using a one-inch paintbrush. Work step by step to cover the entire area.
Phase No. 4
In this phase apply heat to the layer that has been generated at a medium-low setting or use a hairdryer. This procedure will melt and absorb the wax into the fabric. Later on, let the fabric cool down.
Phase No. 5
After the fabric is cool down and the material is absorbed properly in the fabric; check for uneven spots. If there are, go for a second coat and repeat the procedure.
Phase No. 6
Once the fabric is all prepared, leave it for 24 hours before the use. If there is still some smell of wax, leave the fabric in the open air for a few days and then use it. As a requirement; the final converted fabric should be odorless. You can use a freezer also to get rid of the smell of the wax. This way it’s quicker and will just take one night to make the fabric odorless.
How to Make Fire Resistant/Retardant Fabric
Now is the turn to discuss the procedure of making a fabric fire resistant. Typically, well-known companies use several chemical compounds but anyone can create a fire resistant fabric with the help of household ingredients. Surely, there are many ways to make a fabric fire resistant or fire retardant. Here we will discuss the most common and simple way. There are five phases to go through; let us discuss them one by one.
Phase No. 1
First of all, you have to buy a box of borax. You can take the 20 Mule Team Borax. Make sure it does not contain any amount of detergent in it.
Phase No. 2
Mix the purchased borax in 1 gallon of hot water. The amount of borax must be 13 oz.
Phase No. 3
Once the solution is ready, pour it into the spray bottle. Sprinkle it over the fabric and leave it to get dry.
Phase No. 4
Once it is dried then prepare another solution of nine oz. borax with four oz. of boric acid in hot water. After preparing it, spray the solution over the dried fabric.
Phase No. 5
Now launder the fabric after the spray. Due to this borax and boric acid will leave the fabric during the washing process. Redo the process in order to compensate the amount of borax and boric acid until the fabric is ready.
So far so long, the making procedures of water resistant and fire resistant fabrics have been discussed. Surely, there are several other ways to create the same line of fabrics for personal interests and usage. We came up with the most simple and easy procedures for your comfort and personal requirements. Stay dry and stay safe!