Survival rates give a good indication of what percentage of people with the same stage and type of cancer are still alive after a certain amount of time after they were diagnosed with the disease. This does not tell how you how long you will live but rather gives you a better understanding of how likely is the success of your treatment. Some people like to be privy to this information while others don’t. It is totally up to you to decide. There are many health care hospitals who provides the best treatment for cancer in India.
What is a 5-year survival rate?
The outlook for certain types and stages of cancer are given out as 5-year survival rates. It is the percentage of people who live at least 5 years after being diagnosed with cancer. For example, if the survival rate is 90% it means that out of 100, 90 people are still alive after 5 years of the diagnosis. Point to be noted is that many of these people live happy and cancer free lives after the diagnosis.
Relative survival rates
It is a more accurate way of estimating the effect of cancer on survival. Relative survival rate compares the men with prostate cancer to all the people in the overall population. For example, if the 5-year relative survival rate of a specific stage of prostate cancer is 90% that means that people who have prostate cancer are on an average are likely to live as long as 90% of the general population who don’t have cancer. But one thing to remember is that no survival fits all, there are always exceptions.
Survival rates for prostate cancer
According to recent data below are the relative survival rates when all the stages of cancer are included
- The 5-year relative survival rate is 99%
- The 10-year relative survival rate is 98%
- The 15-year relative survival rate is 96%
Special attention is to be paid to the fact that as 5-year survival rates are based on men who were first diagnosed and treated more than 5 years ago, 10-year survival rates are based on men diagnosed more than 10 years ago and 15-year survival rates are based on men diagnosed 15 years ago.
Survival rates by stage
A database is maintained by many government non-governmental based agencies and these gather different survival statistics for different types of cancer. In general, these agencies do not group cancers by AJCC stage, but rather groups cancer into local, regional and distant stages.
- Local Stage means that there is no overt sign of cancer spreading out of the prostate. This includes AJCC stage I, II, III (some of the stage III cancer). About 4 out of the 5 people diagnosed are diagnosed at this stage. The relative 5-year survival rate for this stage is almost 100%.
- Regional stage this stage indicates that cancer has spread to nearby areas mainly includes stage IIB and IVA cancers. The relative 5-year survival rate for this is also 100%.
- Distant stage this stage includes IVB cancers ie cancers that have already spread to distant lymph nodes, organs or bones. The relative 5-year survival rate for distant stage prostate cancer is about 29%.