The “province of the north” is one of the 29 state and 7 territories with which the Indian Republic is formed, with 200 million inhabitants is the state with the largest population in the country; Uttar Pradesh is located in the north center of this vast nation.
Uttarakhand is located in the north of the country, previously it was linked to Uttar Pradesh being divided in the year 2000, popularly also known as Uttaranchal, this division made it one of the smallest and least densely populated states.
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Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand
Brief History of the region
The recent history of both provinces is closely linked, in the pre-colonial era the region known as Awadh and then the British province of Agra settled in this territory, by 1850 the territory called “United Provinces” or United Provinces was formed here (UP) conformed with Oudh and Agra.
By the time India gained its independence this state was renamed Uttar Pradesh as a way of retaining its traditional name with which it was known among the people (UP) United Provinces.
Curious things of the region
If we tell you Uttar Pradesh you may be left with a big question … But if we tell you Ghats, Taj Mahal, Ganges River, Varanasi, Agra, Rishikesh, yoga-like things change!
Well yes, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand is where these tourist treasures are that receive millions of visitors every year.
Did you know that Uttarakhand was formed in 2000 by the division of Uttar Pradesh?
In 2000, Uttarakhand was officially formed with the Himalayan districts of Uttar Pradesh, Garhwal, and Kumaon. Its capital Rishikesh with the Himalayas in the background makes a spectacular setting, it is also known as the world capital of yoga.
Divided by the river Ganges also has two bridges that are unmissable places to visit, in addition to countless temples and shrines for those who want to experience this spiritual side of the city and the region.
Location / Surface, Population, climate.
Location: As we said before, both states formed a single territorial entity being separated in 2000, they are located in the north center of India and border on the north with the Himalayas, to the east with Bihar, to the southeast with Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh, to the south with Madhya Pradesh, to the southwest with Rajasthan and to the west with Delhi and Haryana.
Population: Between the two states they have a population of almost 210 million inhabitants by 2011, with Uttar Pradesh being the most populous state and Uttarakhand one of the least populated at the same time in the entire Indian union.
Climate: Varies according to where you are, although predominantly Mediterranean summer. In some cities located in the Himalayas, the high mountain or more moderate alpine climate predominates in the foothills.
Main Sites and Cities
Varanasi: It is the sacred place for the Hindu, bordered by the river Ganges is a spiritual destination par excellence, numerous Ghats along the river allow you to go down there to bathe in the sacred waters.
Haridwar and Rishikesh: This is another imposing place literally means the door of God, nearby is Rishikesh considered the Mecca of yoga.
Agra: Located on the banks of the Yamuna River, it is home to the world-famous Mumtaz Mahal Mausoleum, the Taj Mahal; in addition, there are also many other sites of tourist interest such as the Red Fort.
Sikandra: In this suburb of Agra the mausoleum or tomb of Akbar the Great is located and represents the typical Mughal architecture.
Mathura: It is located south of Uttar Pradesh a few kilometers south of Agra; this historical city according to legends was where the god Krishna was born.
Vrindavan: It is also located in the Mathura district south of Uttar Pradesh, considered a sacred city and pilgrimage center for the Hindu religion.
Fatehpur Sikri: Erected by Akbar the Great is a town or villa built to be the capital of the Mughal Empire in 1571.
Dehra Dun: Or also Dehradun is the capital of the Uttarakhand Indian state, it is located at the foot of the mountain in the valley of the same name is a popular mountain destination.
Mussoorie: Located in the district of Dehradun is a mountain station on the slopes of the Himalayas at an altitude of approximately 2000 meters.
Garhwal Hills: This mountain range is home to the Valley of Flowers (flower valley) named a UNESCO world heritage site. The maximum summit is the Nanda Devi to more than 7 thousand meters; this place is a biosphere reserve and national park.
Nainital: This mountain station, called the Gem of Uttarakhand is located in the Kumaon district of Uttarakhand, is located in the foothills of the Himalayan massif. This place is famous for its lake called Naini Lake.
Almora: The Almora mountain station is divided into two parts called Cali fat to the east and Selifat to the west; it is visited by tourists for its natural landscapes and splendid views of the Himalayas.
Ranikhet: its name means the prairie of the queen and is based on a local legend; it is a mountain station formerly belonging to Nepal won by them by a local leader in the 19th century.
Lansdowne: Kaludanda was originally renamed that way by the British governor Lord Lansdowne is perhaps one of the mountain stations where you can breathe more tranquility and calm in India, being surrounded by forests is a favorite place for ecotourism.
Kausani: Famous for its splendid natural scenery and dreamlike landscapes, the mountain station has a spectacular view of the Himalayan peaks; an anecdote with this village is that it was named by Mahatma Gandhi as the Swiss of India for its landscapes.
Rampur: It is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh before it was a thriving industrial city through sugar and cotton; it is famous for its library with a collection of 12 thousand manuscripts.
Jhansi: this historic city is located in Uttar Pradesh, located between the Pahuj and Betwa Rivers, this city grew around an old fort, and for 2018 it was considered the third cleanest city in Uttar Pradesh.
Aligarh: The most notable feature of this city is that the Aligarh Muslim University is located there, it was previously known as Kol until it was taken under British command.
Kanpur: Famous for its textile and leather industry is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh, formerly known as Cawnpore is also named the “Manchester India”
Lucknow: This is the state capital; with a predominantly multicultural component historically has been the seat of government and flourishing cultural enclave, together with Varanasi and Agra forms the Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arch, a model that promotes the regional government to foster the tourism.
Ayodhya: This city is located in the Faizabad district in Uttar Pradesh; it is identified with a legendary mystical city, making it one of the 7 holiest sites for the Hindu.
Jaunpur: Founded under the sultanate of Delhi in the 14th century, is located on the banks of the Gomti River, this small town still retains a rich ancestral architecture.
Allahabad: officially known as Prayagraj is the 38th most populous city in the country, its original name means “place of sacrifice and offering” since it is located at the confluence of 3 important rivers, the Ganga, Yamuna, and Sarasvati.
Chitrakoot: The “Place of many wonders” as its name means is a small city, in fact, the second most populous in the state, however, it has numerous temples that attract many tourists in search of spirituality, serenity and the scenic beauty of the place.
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