We all live in a democratic nation and we choose our leaders by voting. Candidates who are interested in contesting the elections nominate their names on behalf of the political parties they represent and then, we as common people, cast our votes to choose the leader we want. Generally, there are three kinds of elections that are conducted in our country. The first is the general elections, also known as Lok Sabha Elections, where we vote to choose our MP (Member of Parliament).
Another type of election is where we choose our Municipal Councilor. And the third type of election is where we cast our vote to choose our MLA (Member of Legislature Assembly). An MLA is a candidate who represents the people of a constituency that is coincided within a territory. It is the MLA who interacts with the people of his area, understands their problems, creates a roadmap for the development of the area and put forth these points to the government in the state assembly. MLA full form in Hindi is विधान सभा का सदस्य or विधायक|.
Here we are going to point out the responsibilities and duties of an MLA that he does after getting selected in your area. The tenure for each term is 5 years and after that, we vote again either to re-elect our leader or change him/her.
Duties as an Executive
One of the primary duties of an MLA is to monitor the execution of the schemes that have been initiated by the government. Their role is to ensure transparency and ensuring that their team is performing the execution responsibly. MLA is responsible for collecting all the reports and data related to progress of the work and follow the timeline for the same.
Keep a check on the expenditure of the Money by the Government, collected from the Taxes
The bill of finance is one of the most significant things in any state assembly and is the most sensitive information as well. When the government shows the annual financial budget to the house, the MLA can deeply analyze it and may question the issues and concerns with the finance minister of the state. They actively participate in the administration of their constituency. But they are not liable to disclose these things publicly.
MLA Local Area Development Fund
Each MLA from every state gets a fund for the Local Area Development. Here, the MLA has the liberty to implement any project or begin any scheme that will help in the growth of his area. This is one of those things which can be checked and questioned by the local people where the MLA is answerable regarding the utilization of this fund.
The Power of the Constitution
Few amendments can be made in the constitution of India by the active Parliament with the help of the half of approvals from the state legislatures. Thus, the MLA also have the authority to be a part of the team to make amendments in our constitution.
The Power of Legislative
MLA plays a crucial role in the process of lawmaking. As per the constitution of India, all the MLA’s have the power to frame the laws to make their state better and developed. They can work on multiple sectors that includes the security of the state, agriculture, public transport, public health, pilgrimages, education etc.
Duties in the Electoral System
The selected MLA doesn’t stay limited to his state only. He also plays his role in electing of the President of India. The members of the legislative assembly along with the members of Parliament play a significant role while electing the President.
These are some of the top most responsibilities of an MLA of an area. The tenure for which an MLA is elected, it is his duty to do all the tasks that have been promised by him before coming to power. There are more than 4000 legislative areas in our country and the post of an MLA is very authoritative. The duties of MLA must be fulfilled with lots of patience and a sense of responsibility.
The criteria that any person should fulfill before nominating his name for the post of MLA is –
- He must be having the citizenship of India.
- He must not hold the office giving regular profits.
- His age must be more than 25 years.
- He must fulfill the minimum qualification that has been mentioned by the Indian Parliament.
- He should not have a bad record and must not be disqualified from any court.
Also, one thing that shall be noticed here is that no person can apply for the post of an MLA from a particular state unless he himself is a voter from any of the constituency within the state.